Roads and highways
Roads and Highways are the main links between urban and rural locations, which consist of Roads, Toll plazas, At-grade junctions, Traffic Management, Flyovers, Interchanges, Rail Over Bridges (ROB), Vehicle Under Pass(VUP), Medical Facilities, Toilets, Stormwater Drain, Lighting services etc. BIM will help in coordination to avoid redesigning, time management, scheduling and cost estimate.
Bridges are structures built over water bodies, consisting of a Sub-structure, Super-structure, Embankment and Retaining wall. The Sub-structure consists of a foundation, pier and pier cap. The Super-structure comprises girders, deck slab, footpath, drainage and diaphragm wall. Coordinating the Super-structure and the Sub-structure based on their levels is essential to prevent any rework during the construction stage.
Solar Power Plant is set up in a vast space with different components and services that must align with each other. PV array, Monitoring station, Inverter/Charge controller, Battery bank, Transformer, Transmission tower, Lines and Distribution — all these components should be coordinated so there is no rework and waste of time.
A Tunnel is an underground passageway dug through surrounding soil, earth or rock, which needs to be coordinated with the road drainage system, electrification, footpath, exhaust system and service room. Here, BIM will help in close coordination with the services.
Rail consists of Rail sleepers, fishplates, fasteners and subgrade (electric poles, high tension electric wires). BIM optimizes coordination among these elements, ensuring no rework is required at the later design stage, contributing to smooth workflow and cost savings.
Water & Sanitation
Water and Sanitation comprises components such as Pump station, Booster station, Storage station, Filtration station, Supply, etc. These stations require precise coordination so there is proper flow concerning the levels and other services.
Metro is a mass rapid transit comprising Sub-structure, Super-structure, Metro stations, Rail tracks, Retails, Toilets, Fire fighter, HVAC, Electrical, Escalators, Lifts, Booking counters, Staircase, Entry and Exit counters. The Sub-structure consists of a foundation, pier and pier cap. The Super-structure consists of box girders and drainage. Considering their levels, proper coordination among the Super-structure, Sub-structure and other services is crucial to prevent any rework during the construction stage.
Airport is one of the most complex public transportation projects, which consists of Forecourt areas, Check-in Halls and Counters, Arrival Hall, Security & Immigration Areas, Emigration Area, Bus Gates, Duty-Free Areas, Lounges, Retail, Vestibules, Fix Linked Bridges (FLB), Parking, Food Court, Hotels, Smoking Spaces, which need to be tightly coordinated with MEP services, Vertical and Horizontal Transportation (VHT), Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) services, Baggage Handling Systems (BHS), Back of House (BOH) facilities.
Railway Stations are essential transportation hubs that serve different sections and ensure smooth operations of the Concourse or Main Hall, Platform Area, Ticket Counter, Waiting Rooms, Baggage Handling Area, Retail and Commercial Zones, Information Centers and Help Desks, Passenger Facilities, Transit Connections, Station Master's Office, Staff Facilities, Emergency and Safety Facilities. BIM can integrate railway-specific systems, such as signaling, communication, and platform design, into the overall station design. It also provides accurate quantity takeoffs and cost estimation capabilities, helping to develop budgets and track expenses effectively.